On June 22, 2020, Regulation (EU) 2020/852 was published to facilitate the redirection of capital flows towards more sustainable activities to respond to initiatives such as the Green Pact, the Paris Agreement, or the Sustainable Development Goals contributing to the transformation of the current economic model towards a carbon-neutral one.
The regulation establishes a taxonomy, based on science, and six environmental objectives to which such activities could contribute. The implementation of the “European Environmental Taxonomy” will be applied gradually and a specific one will be added to assess the contribution to social objectives.
In December 2021, complementary regulatory developments were published. Delegated Regulation (RD) (EU) 2021/2139 establishes the technical criteria for considering that an economic activity contributes to climate change mitigation or adaptation and determines whether it does not cause significant damage to those remaining environmental objectives (circular economy, water and marine resources, pollution prevention and control and biodiversity). RD (EU) 2021/2178 specifies the content, presentation of information and methodology to be disclosed by companies subject to Articles 19a or 29a of Directive 2013/34/EU.
In this context, the following concepts are distinguished:
Eligible: referring to activities with alignment potential included in (RD) (EU) 2021/2139 Annex I (mitigation) and Annex II (adaptation).
Not Eligible: referring to activities not included in (RD) (EU) 2021/2139, either by:
Eligible aligned: refers to eligible activities that meet the technical screening criteria (STS) of the environmental objective, ensure that they do not significantly impair the other objectives (DNSH) and are conducted in accordance with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (Social Safeguards).
Eligible non-aligned: eligible activities that do not comply with the alignment analysis phases (CTS, DNSH and Safeguards).
According to the provisions of RD (EU) 2021/2178, for 2022, it is required to report the percentage of INCN (Net Turnover), CapEX (“capital expenditure”) and OpEX (“operation expenditure”), of the company’s activities that are eligible and not eligible with information from the 2021 fiscal year.
According to European Commission data, the transport sector is responsible for approximately 23% of direct greenhouse gas emissions, while building construction and real estate development activities consume 40% of energy and 36% of carbon emissions. Water supply, sanitation, waste treatment and decontamination contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions1.
Under this backdrop, new sustainable infrastructures are becoming more necessary, so Ferrovial’s role is key. The Taxonomy reinforces the Horizon 24 Strategic Plan focused on the development, construction and operation of sustainable infrastructures, as well as mobility, water management and electrification.
Ferrovial’s activities in construction, toll roads management, airports, energy and mobility infrastructures are a response to the objectives set by the EU. The company has the experience and capabilities to develop sustainable infrastructures that facilitate low-carbon transport, solve urban congestion and offer more innovative and cleaner mobility alternatives.
Ferrovial is incorporating digitalization solutions along with commitments to decarbonization, which coincide with the search for journey safety and travel time reliability.
To ensure the accuracy and quality of the information, Ferrovial has appointed a Taxonomy´s governance model comprising the Economic-Financial, Communication and Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability departments. The different business areas have also collaborated in this process.
The company has focused the reporting process on identifying eligible and non-eligible economic activities, taking into account all the companies in which it has economic control, meaning a shareholding of more than 50%. In these cases, 100% of the information is reported. In relation to the companies sold during the 2021 financial year, these would be outside the scope of the analysis as they work with consolidated data at year-end2.
Although Ferrovial carries out activities that could contribute to the climate change adaptation objective, the analysis carried out has only considered the climate change mitigation objective, thus avoiding double counting in the calculation of financial indicators.
Due to the atomization of the company, in order to determine the eligibility of the activities in an exhaustive manner, the analysis has been carried out at the level of the minimum management unit (contracts) of the companies that consolidate the Group. In this sense, the financial and sustainability areas of the different group companies have assigned the percentage of INCN, CapEX and OpEX that coincides with the description of the activities listed in the RD on the basis of the type of contracts, works or services3. In order to avoid the computation of intercompany operations, these percentages have been applied to the consolidated accounting figures of the companies under analysis.
When analyzing the eligibility of the economic activities carried out by Ferrovial, the following considerations and assumptions about the descriptions of the most relevant eligible activities included in the Taxonomy are highlighted:
Article 8(2)(b) of Regulation (EU) 2020/852 limits the calculation of OpEx to non-capitalized direct costs that relate to research and development, building renovation measures, short-term leases, maintenance and repairs, as well as other direct costs related to the day-to-day maintenance of property, plant and equipment assets, by the company or a third party to whom activities are outsourced, and that are necessary to ensure the continued effective operation of such assets. Additionally, non-financial companies that apply national GAAP and do not capitalize right-of-use assets will include leasing costs in OpEx.
When operating expenses are not material to the business model of non-financial companies, the standard allows the non-capitalized direct costs referred to above not to be reported, if the lack of materiality of the operating expenses in their business model is analyzed and explained.
Ferrovial has proceeded to the comparative calculation of its total operating costs and “taxonomic” expenses. Of the total total operating costs for 2021 (6,182.6 million euros), the OpEx denominator, as specified in the Regulation, represents 5.5% (342.8 million euros), so it has been considered immaterial for reporting purposes. For the calculation of the OpEx denominator, all direct costs at group level related to the maintenance and repairs of property, plant and equipment as well as short-term leasing costs have been taken into account, however, due to the current limitations of the company’s internal accounting, it has not been possible to extract the costs referenced above with direct “other expenses” related to the daily maintenance of property, plant and equipment, therefore they have been excluded from the calculation of the denominator.
The eligibility data for the Ferrovial Group for the 2021 financial year are shown below. It should be noted that due to the progress of the sector positions, implementation guidelines, and the future publication of the rest of the environmental objectives, the assumptions and considerations adopted regarding the interpretation of the criteria that could have an impact on the data presented may change. In this case, Ferrovial will restate the information for 2021 based on the updates that arise.
This first year of Taxonomy reporting is considered a transition year that lays the groundwork for the Ferrovial Group to prepare for eligible and aligned activity during fiscal year 2022.
|Classification of Ferrovial’s activities according to the Taxonomy||INCN||CAPEX||Ferrovial’s activity within the Taxonomy Activity Value Chain|
|A.- ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES ACCORDING TO THE TAXONOMY||89.32%||84.57%|
|4 – ENERGY:||2.33%||10.45%|
|4.1 Electricity generation using solar photovoltaic technology||0.12%||4.66%||
4.2 Electricity generation using concentrated solar power technology
|4.3 Electricity generation from wind power||0.34%||0.01%|
|4.5 Electricity generation from hydropower||1.51%||0.05%|
|4.9 Transmission and distribution of electricity||0.35%||5.65%|
|4.15 District heating/cooling distribution||0.00%||0.08%|
|4.20 Cogeneration of heat/cold and electricity from bioenergy||0.01%||0.00%|
|5 – WATER SUPPLY, SANITATION, WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION||8.74%||6.08%|
|5.1 Construction, extension and operation of water collection, treatment and supply systems||1.85%||0.00%||
|5.2 Renewal of water collection, treatment and supply systems||0.09%||0.00%|
|5.3 Construction, extension and operation of wastewater collection and treatment systems||4.09%||0.00%|
|5.4 Renewal of wastewater collection and treatment systems||0.01%||0.00%|
|5.5 Collection and transport of non-hazardous waste in source segregated fractions||1.93%||6.08%|
|5.8 Composting of bio-waste||0.07%||0.00%|
|5.9 Valorization of non-hazardous waste materials||0.69%||0.00%|
|5.10 Collection and use of landfill gases||0.01%||0.00%|
|6 – TRANSPORT||65.86%||67.31%|
|6.13 Infrastructure for personal mobility, cycle logistics||0.30%||0.00%||
|6.14 Infrastructure for rail transport||14.25%||7.70%|
|6.15 Infrastructure enabling low-carbon road and public transport||49.73%||57.01%|
|6.16 Infrastructure enabling low-carbon inland waterway transport||0.40%||0.00%|
|6.17 Low-carbon airport infrastructure||1.18%||2.60%|
|7 – CONSTRUCTION AND PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT||12.13%||0.71%|
|7.1 Construction of new buildings||10.32%||0.02 %||
|7.2 Renovation of existing buildings||1.03%||0.01 %|
|7.3 Installation, maintenance and repair of energy efficiency equipment||0.62%||0.01 %|
|7.4 Installation, maintenance and repair of charging stations for electric
vehicles in buildings (and parking spaces attached to buildings)
|7.5 Installation, maintenance and repair of instruments and devices for
measuring, regulating and controlling the energy efficiency of buildings.
|7.6 Installation, maintenance and repair of renewable energy
|8 – INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION||0.26 %||0.01 %|
|8.1 Data processing, hosting and related activities||0.26 %||0.01 %||
|9 – PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES||0.00%||0.00%|
|9.3 Professional services related to the energy efficiency of buildings||0.00%||0.00%||
|B- NON-ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES ACCORDING TO TAXONOMY||10.68%||15.43%||